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This article concerns the Universal Century faction. For their Mobile Suit Gundam: The Origin counterpart, see Earth Federation Forces (Origin). For the Advanced Generation faction, see Earth Federation Forces (Advanced Generation).

The Earth Federation Forces (地球連邦軍 Chikyuu Renpougun?, abbreviated as E.F.F.) are the military branch of the Earth Federation government in the Universal Century timeline.

Overview

By the 0010s, the Federation recognized the growing need for an armed service branch that can deal with the major land wars that had been plaguing earth's surface for the past 70 years; a problem which initially warranted the creation of the Earth Federation government to begin with, as well as to counter any threats from separatist from inside the colonies who wished to cause havoc. The Earth Federation Forces (EFF) was formally established in U.C. 0020, and organized into four groups: the Ground Force, which handled all military matters on the Earth's surface; the Air Force, tasked with providing air cover for ground forces and air superiority during land operations; the Naval Force, in charge of providing sea-based cover for all other EFF branches, and to counter any and all threats on the Earth's seas; and the Space Force, operating in and providing power projection from Earth orbit and space.

Until U.C. 0087, the military central command for the Earth Federation Forces was Jaburo, a large, heavily fortified underground base located around the Amazon river. During the One Year War, the base was the target of many attacks by the Principality of Zeon, including the Operation British colony drop and a decisive battle at which the remaining bulk of Zeon's Earth Attack Force made their final attempt to destroy Jaburo. Throughout the Universal Century, the Space Force operated from their headquarters at Luna II.

Branches

Earth Federation base.png

Two EFGF soldiers, and a trio of RGM-79 GM Ground Types.

Earth Federation Ground Force (E.F.G.F.)

Also known as the Earth Federation Army (E.F. Army). Prior to the One Year War, the command of the Earth Federation Ground Force was highly centralized. All important decisions, such as staff management and supplies distribution, were all managed by the general headquarters at Jaburo. However, when Zeon invaded Earth, their use of Minovsky Particles rendered the Federation's communication lines unusable, causing many units to be isolated and destroyed.[1]

With Minovsky Particles restricting combat to within visual range, the EFGF's main battle tank, the Type 61 Tank quickly proved unable to match Zeon's mobile suits, with its advanced data link system and electronics rendered ineffective.[2] As the development of mobile suits was difficult in the short term, the EFGF developed a stop-gap measure: the M-101A3 Regina, an Anti-Mobile Suit Missile (AMSM) designed to be carried and used by specialist squads known as Anti-MS Squads.[3] Though their casualty rates were high, they were able to buy valuable time for friendly units to retreat and regroup.[4]

As Zeon controlled territory continued to expand, the Earth Federation Forces began development of the RX-79[G] Gundam Ground Type, with the EFGF leading the development.[5] The Gundam Ground Type was constructed in very limited numbers and deployed to regions close to Zeon territory in order to check their aggression.[6] Later, the RGM-79[G] GM Ground Type, a simplified version of the Gundam Ground Type, was also developed.[7] In July, U.C. 0079, the Earth Federation Forces Far Eastern Army created the 1st Mechanized Composite Battalion (commonly known as "Kojima Batallion"), its first mobile suit-equipped battalion.[8]

Having decided that a specialized vehicle would be necessary to support its mobile suits, the EFGF developed the M353A4 Bloodhound, a hover vehicle equipped with an underground sonar, capable of detecting nearby enemies based on the sound they make. The Kojima Battalion received priority deployment of these vehicles, with each MS Team receiving one vehicle.[8]

The EFGF also made use of large land battleships, such as the Big Tray-class, which served as mobile command centers for commanding officers, and the Heavy Fork-class, which was designed to provide fire support.[9] Many of these land battleships participated in Operation Odessa.

Earth Federation Navy

Even before the outbreak of the One Year War, the EFF's naval forces were extremely weak and mostly consisted of obsolete ships, most of which were destroyed by Operation British. It received yet another major blow when Zeon forces captured California Base in February, U.C. 0079.[10] A major naval base with submarine production capabilities, California Base housed dozens of submarines in working condition. Due to Zeon's swift attack, Federation forces were not able to destroy them in time, and all of them were captured, allowing Zeon to form its own submarine fleets.[11]

Since the EFF prioritized the production of spaceships, the navy was slow to replenish its strength. Due to the persistent threat of Zeon submarine fleets, its main focus was anti-submarine warfare, with Himalaya-class anti-sub light aircraft carriers and Don Escargot anti-sub attack craft continuously in production. However, their numbers were too few, and Zeon retained command of the sea for most of the war.[10]

In order to counter Zeon's aquatic mobile suits, the Federation developed the RAG-79 Aqua GM. During the One Year War, its performance proved inferior to its Zeon counterparts. However, it would continue to be used long after the end of the war, since the low priority of aquatic mobile suits precluded the development of any successor unit.[12] Following the war, the Federation developed another aquatic mobile suit, the RMS-192M Zaku Mariner, based on the captured MS-06M Zaku Marine Type. However, during the First Neo Zeon War, it was captured and used by Neo Zeon instead.

After the end of the One Year War, the Federation Navy was rebuilt. Realizing that it would cease to exist if it no longer has any enemies to fight, it began ignoring any Zeon remnants still operating in the ocean around the time of the Gryps Conflict, and even secretly provided funds to them to ensure their continued existence.[13]

The Federation would not develop any further aquatic mobile suit until the F90M Gundam F90 Marine Type, which rolled out in U.C. 0111.[14] Even though its performance was considered excellent, it was never refined into a mass-production version, since the Earth Federation government did not believe that conflicts would ever erupt on Earth again.[15]

Earth Federation Air Force

In the U.C. 0050s, as the Federation began expanding its military might to space, the purview of the air force also expanded to space. As such, the Federation began developing space fighters (such as the FF-S3 Saberfish), high-altitude fighters (such as the FF-6 TIN Cod), and eventually, general-purpose fighters that can function both in space and on Earth (such as the FF-4 Toriares).[16]

During Zeon's first landing operation in February, U.C. 0079, the Federation Air Force scrambled to intercept Zeon HLVs. However, since Zeon's space fleet dispersed Minovsky Particles at maximum density in the orbit, guided missiles were rendered unusable, and high-altitude fighters were unable to correctly predict the trajectories of the HLVs. In the end, of the over 400 HLVs launched during the operation, only 32 were shot down.[17]

Being a colony-based nation, the Federation believed that Zeon's air force would not be a threat to their own. However, due to the use of Minovsky Particles, aerial battles devolved back into WWII-era dog fights, allowing even Zeon's aerodynamically dubious DFA-03 Dopp fighters to fight on equal footing with the Federation's fighters.[18] Meanwhile, many of the Federation Air Force's weapons were rendered useless: the AF-01 Mongoose, a ground attack plane designed for destroying stationary targets and tanks, proved ineffective against the agile mobile suits;[19] the Dish, an AWACS aircraft, was of limited use under Minovsky Particle interference and was relegated to being a VIP transport.[20]

Despite all of the difficulties, the Federation Air Force fought valiantly against the Zeon forces during the initial stages of the war, as mobile suits lacked flight capabilities and were vulnerable to aerial attacks.[21] However, since Zeon landed on multiple continents at once, they were spread thin and unable to hold the line on their own.[22]

As the tides of war shifted, however, the Federation launched Operation Odessa, the largest Federation counteroffensive during the war, in November. Knowing that Zeon lacked air power, the Federation scrambled every aircraft available, totalling approximately six thousand aircraft.[23] During the battle, Federation pilot Texan Dmitri distinguished himself by shooting down 34 enemy craft, and would go on to become one of the top aces in the Earth Sphere.[24]

Earth Federation Space Force (E.F.S.F.)

The EFSF was created to counter the perceived military threat from the then-Republic of Zeon, which had broken away from the Federation and declared independence. Before the One Year War this branch was listed under the other three branches and was commanded by generals appointed by them; for example, General Revil was a Lieutenant General of the EFGF.

When it was originally created, the Federation's Space Force followed the "Big Gun" ship philosophy, embodying powerful guns to destroy its enemies. This began to change in UC 0079, when the Zeon introduced their mobile suits, which thoroughly decimated a lot of the Federation's Space Force. The advent of the mobile suit forced the Federation to develop their own mobile suits and ships that could carry them, resulting in the Pegasus-class MS carriers. After the Delaz Fleet successfully executed Operation Stardust, the Federation's Space Force finally abandoned the "Big Gun" ship concept completely and focused on making ships that were capable of carrying mobile suits in strength at all times.

Although primarily concerned with space combat, a handful of the EFSF ships were designed to withstand atmospheric re-entry and to operate on Earth and its atmosphere; these ships include the Pegasus, Argama and SCVA-76 Nahel Argama classes. Throughout the  Universal Century, the Earth Federation had 17,000 warships at its disposal. By the year U.C. 0123, the EFSF had 35 fleets at its disposal.

Titans

The Titans were an elite counter-insurgency group formed by the Federation in response to the events of Operation Stardust in 0083. Their sole purpose was to hunt down renegade citizens who either supported the Zeon and their cause or spoke out against the Federation government. Because the Titans were able to operate outside the Federation's jurisdiction, they often used inhumane methods to deal with dissidents, and because widely known for their harsh, unrelenting brutality. However, the Titans eventually turned rogue and allied themselves with Axis Zeon, and following a public reveal at the assembly in Dakar were dismissed by the Federation Government.

Londo Bell (L.B.)

Londo Bell is an affiliated special task force established in U.C. 0090 with no specific jurisdiction, created to replace the Titans.

Earth Colony Asteroid (ECOAS)

ECOAS is a special task force established by the Earth Federation Forces in U.C. 0094. It was created as a clandestine group meant to do "wetwork", a.k.a. black-ops-type missions that are off the records. Because of its secretive and independent nature, ECOAS has its own command system, and even Londo Bell has no direct authority over them.

Equipment

Mobile Weapons

Vehicles and Spacecraft

Major Military Bases

Main article: Universal Century Locations

Personel Equipment

  • Unknown Steel/Kevlar helmet
  • Load Carrying Vest/Suspenders
  • Fragmentation Grenade
  • Smoke Grenade
  • M71A1 Service Pistol
  • M72A1 Assault Service Rifle
  • M299 Light Machine Gun
  • M101A3 Regina Anti MS Rocket launcher
  • Unknown Submachine Gun
  • Unknown Sniper rifle
  • Unknown Portable Rocket launcher
  • Unknown Colapsible Rocket launcher
  • Unknown Heavy Machine Gun

Uniform of E.F.F.

Ranks Uniform
Duty Uniform Summer Uniform
High Officers
EFFSupremeCommanderUniform

EFF High Officer Uniform

Hawkins Marnery

EFF High Officer Uniform

Senior Officers
EFFCommandingOfficerUniform
EFFSummerUniform
Junior Officers
EFFFeildOfficerUniform
Non-Commissioned Officer
Crewman and Soldiers

Rank Insignia of the E.F.F./E.F.S.F.

During One Year War period in 0079 U.C.

Standart uniform have shoulder patches and collar tabs. Space suits have collar tabs only. Infantry field uniform and great coat have chevron rank insignia on right arm only.

Ranks Rank Insignia
Japanese Space Units Ground Units Collar Tabs Shoulder Patches Chevron Patches
High Officers
大将
(Taishō)
Admiral General
EFF 0079 Admiral Collar Tab
EFF 0079 Admiral Shoulder Patch
EFF High Officer Chevron
中将
(Chūjō)
Vice Admiral Lieutenant General
EFF 0079 ViceAdmiral Collar Tab
EFF 0079 ViceAdmiral Shoulder Patch
少将
(Shōshō)
Rear Admiral Major General
EFF 0079 RearAdmiral Collar Tab
EFF 0079 RearAdmiral Shoulder Patch
Senior Officers
大佐
(Taisa)
Captain Colonel
EFF 0079 Captain Collar Tab
EFF Captain Shoulder Patch v3
EFF Senior Officer Chevron v4
中佐
(Chūsa)
Commander Lieutenant Colonel
EFF 0079 LtCommander Collar Tab V2
EFF Commander Shoulder Patch v2
少佐
(Shōsa)
Lieutenant Commander Major
EFF 0079 Commander Collar Tab
EFF LieutenantCommander Shoulder Patch v2
Junior Officers
大尉
(Tai-i)
Lieutenant Captain
EFF 0079 Lieutenant Collar Tab
EFF Lieutenant Shoulder Patch
EFF Junior Officer Chevron v2
中尉
(Chūi)
Lieutenant Junior Grade First Lieutenant
EFF 0079 LieutenantJG Collar Tab
EFF Lieutenant Junior Grade Shoulder Patch
少尉
(Shōi)
Ensign Second Lieutenant
EFF 0079 Ensign Collar Tab
EFF Ensign Shoulder Patch
Non-Commissioned Officer
曹長
(Sōchō)
Master Chief Petty Officer Sergeant Major
EFF 0079 SCPO Collar Tab
EFF 0079 MCPO Shoulder Patch
EFF MCPO Сhevron Patch
伍長
(Gochō)
Chief Petty Officer Sergeant
EFF 0079 CPO Collar Tab
EFF 0079 CPO Shoulder Patch
EFF CPO Сhevron Patch
兵長
(Heichō)
Petty Officer Corporal
EFF 0079 PettyOfficer Collar Tab
EFF 0079 PO Shoulder Patch
EFF PO Сhevron Patch
Crewmen and Soldiers
上等兵
(Jōtōhei)
Senior Crewman Senior Private
EFF 0079 SCR Collar Tab
EFF SCR Shoulder Patch v2
EFF SCR Сhevron Patch
一等兵
(Ittōhei)
Crewman 1st Class Private 1st Class
EFF 0079 CR1 Collar Tab
EFF CR1 Shoulder Patch v2
EFF CR1 Сhevron Patch v2
二等兵
(Nitōhei)
Crewman 2nd Class Private 2nd Class
EFF 0079 CR2 Collar Tab
EFF CR2 Shoulder Patch
EFF CR2 Сhevron Patch

During Operation Stardust in 0083 U.C.

Standart uniform have shulder patches only. No collar tabs. Collar tabs use on space suit only.

Ranks Rank Insignia
Japanese Space Units Ground Units Collar Tabs Shoulder Patches
High Officers
大将
(Taishō)
Admiral General
EFF 0083 Admiral Collar Tab
EFF 0083 Admiral Shoulder Patch
中将
(Chūjō)
Vice Admiral Lieutenant General
EFF 0083 ViceAdmiral Collar Tab
EFF 0083 ViceAdmiral Shoulder Patch
少将
(Shōshō)
Rear Admiral Major General
EFF 0083 RearAdmiral Collar Tab
EFF 0083 RearAdmiral Shoulder Patch
准将
(Junshōu)
Commodore Brigadier General
EFF 0083 Commodore Collar Tab
EFF 0083 Commodore Shoulder Patch
Senior Officers
大佐
(Taisa)
Captain Colonel
EFF 0083 Captain Collar Tab
EFF Captain Shoulder Patch v3
中佐
(Chūsa)
Commander Lieutenant Colonel
EFF 0083 Commander Collar Tab
EFF Commander Shoulder Patch v2
少佐
(Shōsa)
Lieutenant Commander Major
EFF 0083 LtCommander Collar Tab
EFF LieutenantCommander Shoulder Patch v2
Junior Officers
大尉
(Tai-i)
Lieutenant Captain
EFF 0083 Lieutenant Collar Tab
EFF Lieutenant Shoulder Patch
中尉
(Chūi)
Lieutenant Junior Grade First Lieutenant
EFF 0083 LieutenantJG Collar Tab
EFF Lieutenant Junior Grade Shoulder Patch
少尉
(Shōi)
Ensign Second Lieutenant
EFF 0083 Ensign Collar Tab
EFF Ensign Shoulder Patch
准尉
(Jun-i)
Warrant Officer
EFF 0083 WarrantOfficer Collar Tab
EFF 0079 PO Shoulder Patch
Non-Commissioned Officer
曹長
(Sōchō)
Master Chief Petty Officer Sergeant Major
EFF 0083 SCPO Collar Tab
EFF MCPO Shoulder Patch
軍曹
(Gunsō)
Chief Petty Officer Sergeant
EFF 0083 CPO Collar Tab
EFF CPO Shoulder Patch
伍長
(Gochō)
Petty Officer Corporal
EFF 0083 PO Collar Tab
EFF PO Shoulder Patch
Crewmen and Soldiers
兵長
(Heichō)
Leading Crewman Lance Corporal
EFF 0083 LCR Collar Tab
EFF LCR Shoulder Patch v2
上等兵
(Jōtōhei)
Senior Crewman Senior Private
EFF 0083 SCR Collar Tab
EFF SCR Shoulder Patch v2
一等兵
(Ittōhei)
Crewman 1st Class Private 1st Class
EFF 0083 CR1 Collar Tab
EFF CR1 Shoulder Patch v2
二等兵
(Nitōhei)
Crewman 2nd Class Private 2nd Class
EFF 0083 CR2 Collar Tab
EFF CR2 Shoulder Patch

During Gryps War in 0087 U.C. and after.

Standart uniform have shoulder patches and collar tabs. Space suits have collar tabs only. Uniform with shoulder straps used in period of Second Neo Zeon War in 0093 U.C. has no shoulder patches and collar tabs. It have chevron rank insignia.

Ranks Rank Insignia
Japanese Space Units Ground Units Collar Tabs Shoulder Patches Chevron Patches
High Officers
大将
(Taishō)
Admiral General
EFF 0087 Admiral Collar Tab
EFF 0087 Admiral Shoulder Patch
EFF High Officer Chevron
中将
(Chūjō)
Vice Admiral Lieutenant General
EFF 0087 ViceAdmiral Collar Tab
EFF 0087 ViceAdmiral Shoulder Patch
少将
(Shōshō)
Rear Admiral Major General
EFF 0087 RearAdmiral Collar Tab
EFF 0087 RearAdmiral Shoulder Patch
准将
(Junshōu)
Commodore Brigadier General
EFF 0087 Commodore Collar Tab
EFF 0087 Commodore Shoulder Patch
Senior Officers
大佐
(Taisa)
Captain Colonel
EFF 0087 Captain Collar Tab
EFF Captain Shoulder Patch v3
EFF Senior Officer Chevron v4
中佐
(Chūsa)
Commander Lieutenant Colonel
EFF 0087 Commander Collar Tab
EFF Commander Shoulder Patch v2
少佐
(Shōsa)
Lieutenant Commander Major
EFF 0087 LieutenantCommander Collar Tab
EFF LieutenantCommander Shoulder Patch v2
Junior Officers
大尉
(Tai-i)
Lieutenant Captain
EFF 0087 Lieutenant Collar Tab
EFF Lieutenant Shoulder Patch
EFF Junior Officer Chevron v2
中尉
(Chūi)
Lieutenant Junior Grade First Lieutenant
EFF 0083 LieutenantJuniorGrade Collar Tab
EFF Lieutenant Junior Grade Shoulder Patch
少尉
(Shōi)
Ensign Second Lieutenant
EFF 0087 Ensign Collar Tab
EFF Ensign Shoulder Patch
准尉
(Jun-i)
Warrant Officer
EFF 0087 WarrantOfficer Collar Tab
EFF 0079 PO Shoulder Patch
Non-Commissioned Officer
曹長
(Sōchō)
Master Chief Petty Officer Sergeant Major
EFF 0087 MCPO Collar Tab
EFF MCPO Shoulder Patch
EFF MCPO Сhevron Patch
伍長
(Gochō)
Chief Petty Officer Sergeant
EFF 0087 CPO Collar Tab
EFF CPO Shoulder Patch
EFF CPO Сhevron Patch
伍長
(Gochō)
Petty Officer Corporal
EFF 0087 PO Collar Tab
EFF PO Shoulder Patch
EFF PO Сhevron Patch
Crewmen and Soldiers
兵長
(Heichō)
Leading Crewman Lance Corporal
EFF 0087 LCR Collar Tab
EFF LCR Shoulder Patch v2
EFF LCR Сhevron Patch
上等兵
(Jōtōhei)
Senior Crewman Senior Private
EFF 0087 SRC Collar Tab
EFF SCR Shoulder Patch v2
EFF SCR Сhevron Patch
一等兵
(Ittōhei)
Crewman 1st Class Private 1st Class
EFF 0087 CR1 Collar Tab
EFF CR1 Shoulder Patch v2
EFF CR1 Сhevron Patch v2
二等兵
(Nitōhei)
Crewman 2nd Class Private 2nd Class
EFF 0087 CR2 Collar Tab
EFF CR2 Shoulder Patch
EFF CR2 Сhevron Patch

Notes & Trivia

  • When the franchise was created, the name used was United Nations Troops (U.N.T.), which comprised the UNT Army, UNT Grand (army–navy joint forces) and UNT Spacy (space force). This name was used in Japan until 1998, when the current name was adopted. Since then, all publications and models have used the EFF name, and the acronym U.N.T. has been retconned to "Under Normal Tactical" to prevent confusion in anime series and older model kits.[25] The reason for this change is unknown, but it is speculated to be due to difficulties in securing global copyrights, as the Macross series uses similar terminology.

References

  1. MSV-R:The Return of Johnny Ridden, chapter 10
  2. MS Igloo - Mission Complete, p.97
  3. MS Igloo - Mission Complete, p.81
  4. UC Hardgraph Series No.4 E.F.G.F. Anti MS Squad Set instruction manual
  5. HGUC Gundam Ground Type Revive instruction manual
  6. Master Grade Gundam Ground Type instruction manual
  7. HGUC GM Ground Type instruction manual
  8. 8.0 8.1 UC Hardgraph Series No.3 E.F.G.F. MS[G] Platoon Briefing Set instruction manual
  9. MS Igloo - Mission Complete, p.106
  10. 10.0 10.1 MS Encyclopedia NO.15 - Strategy Encyclopedia, p.92
  11. MS Encyclopedia NO.15 - Strategy Encyclopedia, p.88
  12. Mobile Suit Gundam Unicorn - Mechanics & World - ep 4-6, p.56
  13. MSV-R:The Return of Johnny Ridden, chapter 37
  14. Mobile Suit Gundam Silhouette Formula - MS Handbook
  15. B-Club Vol. 67
  16. MS Encyclopedia NO.01, p.72
  17. MS Encyclopedia NO.15 - Strategy Encyclopedia, p.61
  18. MS Encyclopedia NO.14 - Mechanic Encyclopedia, p.4-5
  19. Mobile Suit Variation 3 - Federation Edition, p.106
  20. Mobile Suit Gundam - Ship & Aerospace Plane Encyclopedia - Revised Edition, p.89
  21. Mobile Suit Gundam - Ship & Aerospace Plane Encyclopedia - Revised Edition, p.83
  22. MS Encyclopedia NO.15 - Strategy Encyclopedia, p.62
  23. Mobile Suit Gundam - Ship & Aerospace Plane Encyclopedia - Revised Edition, p.84
  24. Mobile Suit Gundam - Ship & Aerospace Plane Encyclopedia - Revised Edition, p.86
  25. Perfect Grade RX-78-2 Gundam manual, Gundam Officials

See also

Gallery

External links


Universal Century Nations and Factions
Earth Federation
Earth Federation Forces | Titans | New Desides | Londo Bell | ECOAS | Phantom Sweep Corps | Federation Survey Service | League Militaire | Man Hunting Attachment | Moore Brotherhood
Zeon
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Anti-Earth Federation Movements
Anti Earth Union Group | African Liberation Front | The Blue Team | Karaba | Mufti
Other
South Seas Alliance | Crossbone Vanguard | Cosmo Babylonia | Jupiter Empire | Jupiter Energy Fleet | Riah Republic | Zanscare Empire/BESPA | Congress of Settlement Nations | Settlement Freedom League | Illuminati | Metatron/Zi Zeon
Non-Governmental Organizations
Anaheim Electronics | Buch Concern | Colony Public Corporation | Hervic Company | Luio & Co. | SNRI | Flanagan Institute | Minovsky Physics Society | MIP | Newtype Research Institute | Vist Foundation | Zimmad | Zeonic | List of Universal Century companies
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