In the Cosmic Era, nations and states of Earth have evolved into a number of political superblocs. There are also numerous political factions. 
The Earth Alliance is the group of anti-ZAFT superstates on Earth. It is made up of four political entities: the Atlantic Federation, the Eurasian Federation, the Republic of East Asia and the South African Union. The Earth Alliance also conquered the PLANT-friendly United States of South America, with its member states now engaged in a revolution to regain their independence. The Earth Alliance was officially founded as a result of the Alaska Declaration on 7 February CE 70. The combined military forces of the Earth Alliance are called OMNI Enforcer, but are more frequently simply called the Earth Military (Chikyuu Gun). The Alliance is headed by a moderate Secretary-General, but the real rulers of the Alliance are Blue Cosmos and its LOGOS benefactors.
The Earth Alliance and ZAFT started war on 11 February CE 70 after the EA's predecessor, the United Nations was wiped out by a terrorist attack in the Tragedy of Copernicus on 5 February. On 14 February, the Alliance used nuclear weapons to destroy the PLANT colony at Junius Seven, in what became known as the Bloody Valentine Incident.
The Earth Alliance is an international military confederation of entities, but they often work at cross purposes to each other. It is not uncommon for each of the factions to not reveal the key workings of their weapon and armor technologies with their erstwhile allies - when the Atlantic Federation battleship Archangel docked at the Eurasian military base Artemis, the commander attempted to acquire by force both the ship and its GAT-X105 Strike Gundam in order to acquire the secret behind their designs. Later, when the Alliance headquarters, JOSH-A in Alaska, controlled by the Atlantic Federation, was mostly abandoned as a trap for ZAFT's invasion forces, the token defense force left behind as "bait" (completely unaware of the trap) consisted almost entirely of Eurasian troops.
The Alliance developed several important military innovations during the war: the second-generation Mobile Operating System, Phase Shift armor, Lightwave Barrier, beam weaponry and the Mirage Colloid stealth system.
In the wake of the "Break The World" incident caused by Coordinator terrorists in CE 73, the Earth Alliance declared war again on ZAFT, on the grounds that the drop represented the true intentions of the Coordinators toward Naturals, and the EA intends to wipe out the PLANTs and with them the Coordinators once and for all. However, the initial attempt to destroy the PLANTs with nuclear missiles resulted in a disastrous defeat when ZAFT's Neutron Stampeder destroyed an entire Alliance fleet with a single shot.
Popular support for the Alliance was weakened after PLANT Chairman Gilbert Durandal exposed LOGOS, the organization behind the Alliance's Blue Cosmos rulers and vowed that ZAFT will destroy LOGOS and Blue Cosmos once and for all. After the destruction of LOGOS and Blue Cosmos, some of the Earth Alliance forces along with some ZAFT forces assisted the Three Ships Alliance to end the Second Alliance-PLANT War.
The Atlantic Federation is the largest and most powerful member of the Earth Alliance. It is also the country with the largest anti-Coordinator sentiments.
The Eurasian Federation is the second most powerful superstate on Earth and a member of the Earth Alliance. Compared to the Atlantic Federation, the Eurasian Federation is more accepting of Coordinators in its domain.
A Federation consisting of the present-day nations of China, Japan(except for Hokkaido), Mongolia, the Korean peninsula (both North and South), bits of Southeastern Russia, and Taiwan. It is the third largest power of the Earth Alliance. Its spaceport at Kaoshiung, Taiwan was captured by ZAFT forces during the First Alliance-PLANT War. During this war it joins the Atlantic Federation and Eurasian Federation in the Earth Alliance against the forces of ZAFT. At the end of the first war, Kaoshiung was returned to East Asia.
After the Chairman of PLANT Supreme Council Gilbert Durandal revealed the existence of LOGOS, in the later part of the second PLANT/Earth war, a big Naval fleet of East Asia separated from their Nations and allied themselves with ZAFT. When the Minerva returned to Gibraltar a large part of this fleet can be seen.
However, most of the fleet was destroyed later in the first wave against LOGOS stronghold Heaven's Base in Iceland. Judging from their positions in that attack, it seems likely that ZAFT used them as shields to test the enemies attack power.
Although a member of the Earth Alliance, the SAU is virtually powerless other than its possession of the Victoria massdriver. At the end of the first war the SAU controls most of Africa. The SAU is a puppet of the Atlantic Federation.
A large but weak superstate which formerly controlled much of Central and South America.
OMNI Enforcer (Oppose Militancy and Neutralize Invasion) is the military force of the Earth Alliance. Unlike ZAFT, the military of OMNI Enforcer is tightly organized on a traditional model. Many top officers of OMNI Enforcer, mostly those from the Atlantic Federation (which dominates the Alliance after the disastrous Battle of JOSH-A) are also members of the Blue Cosmos anti-Coordinator group.
OMNI Enforcer's space fleet is large and well-equipped, though their warships are slightly outdated compared to ZAFT's powerful fleet. Their mobile weapons until the Battle of Porta Panama are primarily limited to the outdated mobile armor TS-MA2 Moebius. Five Moebius MAs are required, on average, to engage a single ZGMF-1017 GINN with any significant chance of victory. At and after Porta Panama, the Alliance quickly replaces the Moebius with the GAT-01 Strike Dagger and related mobile suit models, redressing the balance and turning the tide against ZAFT.
"For the preservation of our blue and pure world!" - Motto of Blue Cosmos
Blue Cosmos is the most radical of the anti-Coordinator activist groups formed by resentful Naturals and is the ruling force behind the Earth Alliance. According to the Blue Cosmos ideology, genetic modification is a violation of the natural order, and all Coordinators must be exterminated "for the preservation of our blue and pure world."
Though the political opinions of the Earth Alliance senior leadership generally varied, the Atlantic Federation leadership was primarily dominated by Blue Cosmos members, and after the elimination of most of the Eurasian military at the Battle of JOSH-A, Blue Cosmos controlled Alliance OMNI Enforcer by default. After this point, the Alliance's war effort changed from one of conquest to one of extermination, a change that a Patrick Zala-led ZAFT was only too happy to emulate.
Blue Cosmos was originally an environmental pressure group, but after George Glenn revealed his secret in CE 15, they changed their emphasis to terrorizing and killing Coordinators. Many of the top echelon of Blue Cosmos, including its leader Muruta Azrael, were killed during the closing battles at Jachin Due.
Unfortunately, this did not affect Blue Cosmos in any meaningful way - Cagalli Yula Athha's visit to ZAFT at the start of Gundam SEED Destiny is due in large part to pressure on the Orb Union from the Atlantic Federation, which is still partially controlled by Blue Cosmos, under the control of its new leader, Lord Djibril. In addition, there are growing evidences that Blue Cosmos may be nothing more than a catspaw for a shadowy military-industrial organization known only as LOGOS.
PLANT Chairman Gilbert Durandal later managed to obtain a list of the group's members. With this information, he held a speech in which he revealed the existence of LOGOS to the entire world and afterwards, he declared that he planned to completely destroy this organization. Afterwards, ZAFT launched a campaign to destroy LOGOS and Blue Cosmos once and for all. Many people on Earth also started to attack the homes of LOGOS members and many of them were either murdered or forced to flee. They made their unsuccessful last stand against ZAFT/Alliance forces attacking Heaven's Base, their headquarters in Iceland. After the battle, Lord Djibril (the last remaining known member) fled to the Orb Union and afterwards to the Daedalus lunar base. From there he attacked PLANT with the superweapon Requiem in order to destroy the PLANT Supreme Council, however when the Minerva attacked, he was forced to flee on the Girty Lue. But before he could escape the ship was shot down by Rey Za Burrel, which also killed Djibril and thus the last remaining LOGOS member.
The Phantom Pain is a private army organized by the Blue Cosmos that operates under Logos, Blue Cosmos' supreme governing organization. Their official name is the 81st Independent Mobile Battalion of the Earth Alliance and specializes in black operations as well as missions that would run and turn out much better for the Alliance if there weren't any signs of its involvement anywhere.
Phantom Pain was started to provide the Blue Cosmos with organized military strength, and it is mainly comprised of Alliance personnel and equipment. When goods and personnel are requested by Phantom Pain, the Alliance is expected to respond and accommodate for the request without delay. With this assistance, Phantom Pain is able to obtain all the provisions and furnishings they need and request for wherever they go, even though they fall only under the command of Logos and their representatives, and no others. However, even with this arrangement, the Phantom Pain remains shrouded in mystery even among many Alliance leaders.
As a nonofficial paramilitary organization, the Phantom Pain is not bound by the Junius Treaty and thus they have access to and utilize illegal technology like Mirage Colloid. And since they are funded behind the scenes by the Blue Cosmos, the equipment they get is radical but extravagant.
PLANT is the name not only given to a new type of space colony, but also to the independent nation which is made up of the cluster of these colonies. PLANT citizens mainly compose of Coordinators.
The PLANT Supreme Council is an executive committee of twelve elected members, each representing a sector (or "city") of the groupings of the PLANTs.
A team consisted of people of various occupations, such as pilots, mechanics, and engineers, who followed Miguel Aiman.
ZAFT is a political, economic, and military alliance of the PLANT colonies. It was the first military to use mobile suits and was the power which fought against the Earth Alliance forces in both wars.
Terrestrial Nations allied to ZAFT
A nation composed of Australia, New Zealand and other countries in the Oceania region. The Oceania Union is allied with PLANTs, and one of ZAFT's two primary military bases on Earth, Carpentaria, is located there. During the First Alliance-PLANT War, the Earth Alliance invaded the Oceania Union to capture the Carpentaria base. However, due to the Junius Treaty signed at the end of the war, Oceania Union's boundaries were restored and it remained allied with ZAFT, hosting the Carpentaria base once more.
A loosely-affiliated group of nations and tribes in the northern sections of Africa, the African Community is one of only two nations on Earth openly allied with PLANT, though there are resistance movements, including Desert Dawn. Supposedly its territory includes Gibraltar, where the second ZAFT's main military base is located. At the end of the first war, ZAFT was forced to retreat from the many areas of the African Community that had been forcibly suppressed, as per the Junius Treaty. At the start of the Second Alliance-PLANT War, these newly independent regions of the African Community aligned themselves with OMNI.
The Orb Union is a small Pacific island nation, located to the east of New Guinea which has a tradition of neutrality and thus is neutral in the war between the Earth Alliance and ZAFT.
The largest of the neutral nations, Scandinavia composes the old Earth nations of Sweden, Norway and Finland (but not Denmark, which is traditionally considered a Scandinavian nation as the name of the Kingdom refers to the Scandinavian Peninsula). The Kingdom of Scandinavia is the birthplace of Former PLANT Supreme Council Chairman Siegel Clyne. The Kingdom of Scandinavia was one of the first nations to offer aid in the rebuilding of ORB after the attack from the Earth Alliance in CE 71.
At the beginning of the Second Alliance-PLANT War the Archangel hides underwater at the coast of Scandinavia. The king of Scandinavia and a selected few in the Scandinavian government are the only ones aware of this and keeps it secret. After Durandal's announcement of his Destiny Plan, the Kingdom of Scandinavia, together with the Orb Union, rejects the plan.
A union of weak Equatorial nations in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The Equatorial Union is largely neutral because its military is not worth incorporating into the Earth Alliance, with no space forces and no mobile weapons. After the first war they had gained land from Eurasia and at the beginning of the second war they joined OMNI probably to prevent a war with Eurasia, however, they may have seceded from the Alliance during the strife and instability within Eurasia.
The Clyne Faction started as the collection of PLANT politicians loyal to the ideals of Siegel Clyne, leader of the PLANT moderate faction. However, as the political situation in the PLANTs took a dark turn, the group switched to being an underground rebel faction composed of normal civilians and ZAFT soldiers, spawned as a result of Patrick Zala's extremist genocidal policies towards the Naturals. The Clyne Faction was initially commanded by former PLANT Chairman Siegel Clyne, but after his assassination, his daughter, Lacus Clyne, took over. Another prominent figure was Andrew Waltfeld, a much-decorated ZAFT commander.
Their first major actions were the theft of the ZGMF-X10A Freedom Gundam and soon after the hijacking of the newest ZAFT capital ship, FFMH-Y101 Eternal, which was coincidentally assigned under the command of Andrew Waltfeld by ZAFT. Even though Patrick is in charge of ZAFT and uses it to try and crush the Clyne Faction, the ease in which the Clyne Faction managed to steal the Freedom and the swift hijacking of the Eternal later on highlights the fact that the Clyne Faction likely has a considerable number of supporters within ZAFT as well.
The Three Ships Alliance was formed near the end of the First Alliance-PLANT War as a resistance force dedicated to ending the war. It consisted of the members of the Clyne Faction who had stolen the ZAFT support vessel Eternal, survivors from the Earth Alliance invasion of Orb aboard the Orb battleship Kusanagi, and the crew of the Earth Alliance assault ship Archangel. The Three Ships Alliance takes up residence in an abandoned space colony for a little over two months, and then sets out to prevent the Earth Alliance and PLANT from annihilating each other. The Three Ships Alliance was instrumental in preventing an Earth Alliance nuclear assault on the PLANT colonies, and in preventing PLANT from using the GENESIS Superweapon from irradiating the Earth.
After the First Alliance-PLANT War, the Three Ships Alliance (composed of the Clyne Faction, moderate elements of the Earth Alliance, and remnants of the Orb military) was changed into a covert moderate military and political organization once again operating under the Clyne Faction name. This new faction received aid from the independent intelligence group Terminal, strengthened in numbers and technology thanks to defecting Earth Alliance and ZAFT officers and appears to have thoroughly infiltrated the military command structure of every major faction. It is also implied that Terminal has very well-placed intelligence sources as information about current events such as the Minerva's departure time and the Destroy's rampage across Western Eurasia were received and sent to the proper people within a very short amount of time. Spawned for the same reasons as the Three Ships Alliance, to achieve and maintain peace and stability between Coordinators and Naturals; the Clyne Faction was lead by Lacus Clyne on the political side and Kira Yamato on the military end.
Despite considerable military expansion by ZAFT and the Atlantic Federation (the strongest member of the Earth Alliance), Terminal too developed advanced military hardware with its large industrial base, which includes a secret underwater base and a mobile suit factory hidden in an asteroid. The ZGMF-X20A Strike Freedom Gundam, ZGMF-X19A Infinite Justice Gundam, and ZGMF-XX09T DOM Trooper, all of which were made by Terminal from technology originally developed by ZAFT, are generally on-par or even superior to their ZAFT and Earth Alliance counterparts. Towards the end of the Second Alliance-PLANT War, Terminal and Terminal-allied forces consisted of one Archangel Class, one Eternal Class, three Izumo Class, two to three Agamemmnon Class, at least four Nelson Class, at least two Drake Class, at least two Nazca Class and at least two Laurasia Class warships. Their mobile suit forces were spearheaded by the Strike Freedom, Infinite Justice, Akatsuki, Gaia, and three DOM Troopers. The rest of their mobile suits forces consisted primarily of Murasame, Dagger L and Windams.
Adukurf Mechano-Industries is a company based in Eurasian Federation. It specializes in the development of large scale mobile armors for Earth Alliance in the Second Alliance-PLANT War.
Actaeon Industries is Morgenroete's rival competitor and is known for its bribery by attracting with huge sums of money. Actaeon attempted to hire Serpent Tail mercenary Gai Murakumo to sell his MBF-P03 Gundam Astray Blue Frame's data, but Gai refuses. Actaeon nearly forced Junk Guild member Lowe Guele to sell his MBF-P02 Gundam Astray Red Frame by luring him with a selection of mobile suits and mobile armors and trapping him, and his fellow Junk Guild members in a weapons testing room. Lowe escapes and forces the unnamed executive into paying what the Junk Guild brought. Actaeon later built its first mobile suit, the NMS-X07PO Gel Finieto, equipped with Quantum Computer Virus Transmission System in CE 71 and assisted in the development of CAT1-X Hyperion Gundam.
In CE 73, Actaeon Industries and other defense contractors were hired by the Atlantic Federation, as part of the "Actaeon Project" to upgrade the G Project mobile suits. However, the company was unaware that these suits are for Phantom Pain's ace pilots. In the end, the company produced the GAT-X1022 Blu Duel, GAT-X103AP Verde Buster, GAT-X105E Strike Noir, GAT-X207SR Nero Blitz and GAT-X303AA Rosso Aegis. The company also produced the MBF-P0X Gundam Astray Noir, as a secret part of the project for Dante Gordigiani. Later the company produced the GAT-X131B Blau Calamity Gundam, GAT-X252R Rot Forbidden Gundam and GAT-X370G Gelb Raider Gundam when the project becomes independent of the Atlantic Federation.
An aircraft manufacturer, one of its product is the Kingfisher 33SP Anti-Submarine Warfare helicopter used by the Atlantic Federation Navy.
DSSD (Deep Space Survey and Development Organization) is a neutral organization established for the purpose of "advancing the frontier" from survey and development of regions beyond the orbit of Mars. The Earth Alliance, PLANT, and the other Neutral Nations all participated in its establishment. The organization have bases in Alliance controlled areas and in the PLANTs; for example, their Technology Development Center is located on the outskirts of Fortaleza, South America. They aim for the advancement of nations, religions, and races. They are the creators of the GSX-401FW Stargazer Gundam, a mobile suit intended for space exploration.
The Desert Dawn is a resistance group in ZAFT-occupied Northern Africa. The group is led by Sahib Ashman and its members are recruited from nearby towns like Tassil, Moula, and the city of Banadiya. They were assisted by the Archangel to free North Africa from ZAFT control.
GARM R&D (Genetic Advanced Reproductive Medical Research & Development) was a research institute based at the Mendel. It was a leading specialist in Coordinator production until it was abandoned after a biohazard outbreak in CE 68.
The Junk Guild is an NGO devoted to the upkeep, maintenance, and salvage of the technology forming the infrastructure of Cosmic Era society. Thanks to the work of Reverend Malchio, the Junk Guild has non-aggression treaties with all three major factions (Earth Alliance, ZAFT, and Orb) - any person or vessel that bears the emblem of the Junk Guild cannot be denied entry to any treaty signatory, as long as they obey the laws within (though they may be restricted as to where they may go - ZAFT, for example, does not allow Junk Guild members onto the PLANTs unless they are granted special permission). The Junk Guild is rather decentralized - while there is an overseeing body that governs the Guild as a whole, most of the work is done by small teams of technicians who act independently.
Most Junk Guild teams spend their days either going through battlefields salvaging usable equipment or working under contract. Contracts can vary from salvage operations to repair to recovery of equipment. Large contracts may necessitate multiple Guild teams - it is not uncommon to see a large contingent of Guild techs working on major projects, such as the Giga-Float mobile mass driver. The Guild espouses non-violence - Guild techs will only fight to defend themselves, and even then will refrain from killing unless there is no other option.
Unlike the nations of the world, who prefer to standardize their equipment, Junk Guild equipment is an eclectic mix of whatever they can afford/repair/salvage. It is not uncommon to see a Guild team using an assortment of repair pods and salvaged ZAFT mobile suits for work in space. Teams tend to stick with lightly armored and armed vessels as bases of operation in space, as they place a premium on cargo space as opposed to combat ability. On Earth, retrofitted military transports are often used - the Lesseps-class transport is popular with the Guild, thanks to its large cargo bay and ease of retrofitting for repair duties - the turrets on the top deck can easily be replaced with manipulator arms.
The Guild acquires new recruits from all walks of life, Natural and Coordinator alike. New recruits undergo basic training and indoctrination, then are sent to a team for on the job training. After a probationary period, the Guild then accepts the recruit as a Guild tech, and they are assigned to a team. Because Junk Techs tend to trust each other (lacking a reason to do otherwise), it is occasionally possible to infiltrate the Junk Guild, as Juri Wu Nien did in an attempt to steal the Red Frame. During the First Alliance-PLANT War, the Junk Guild team led by "The Professor" discovered the Astray project and recovered the MBF-P02 Astray Red Frame. It was later revealed that the discovery was in fact a result of the Professor's long-time friend Erica Simmons informing her of the Astrays and asking her to recover them. The Professor's team was not informed of this until months later, when they entered Orb territorial waters and met with Dr. Simmons. Near the end of the war, Reverend Malchio made arrangements for the Junk Guild to aid Three Ship Alliance in a non-combat capacity. The Junk Guild space vessel ReHOME served as a tender ship for the Three Ship Alliance until the end of the war.
Morgenroete Incorporated (its name is German for "dawn") is a semi-nationalized military contractor based in the Orb Union, with facilities in both the Orb Union proper and at the Orb-owned space colony of Heliopolis. Though part of the neutral nation of Orb, Morgenroete has been secretly collaborating with the Atlantic Federation in its work on new prototype mobile weapons called Gundams under the sponsorship of the Sahaku noble family. During construction, Morgenroete did get intelligence on the prototypes which was used in their own Astray program, but it cost Orb its space colony of Heliopolis when a ZAFT commando team entered and escaped with four of the five Gundams built. Some of the systems and technologies used in the G Project were developed at Morgenroete either entirely or in part under the aegis of chief designer Erica Simmons. More esoteric technologies were also developed at Morgenroete under the aegis of the Sahaku twins, including energy-draining weaponry.
PMP (Propulsion & Machinery Progress) is an Atlantic Federation-based aerospace manufacturing corporation. It is one of the supplier of aircrafts to the Atlantic Federation and Earth Alliance. It also dabbles in Striker pack development.
The Serpent Tail is a mercenary group that uses Earth Alliance and ZAFT equipment to get the job done. Their leader is a Combat Coordinator named Gai Murakumo, who escaped from the Earth Alliance and broke free of his mental conditioning. Gai pilots one of the three Orb Astray prototypes,MBF-P03 Gundam Astray Blue Frame, which is later improved several times, and is considered by many to be the deadliest warrior in the Earth Sphere. This mercenary company has no government whatsoever, and is split up into teams. Gai's team operates from either a captured Laurasia-class frigate or an unmarked civilian freighter, and his subordinates consist of fellow pilot and wingman Elijah Kiel, the ship's captain and intelligence operative Reed Wheeler, explosives expert and tactician Loretta Aja, and client liaison Kazahana Aja.
Terminal is a non-government affiliated organization which exchanges information with all parties, as well as performing some degree of intelligence evaluation. Although it can viewed as a benevolent underground organization, it seems to be simply a guild of information dealers. While spearheaded by the Clyne Faction, Terminal has kept a low profile and remained neutral throughout the most of the second war. Terminal's agents operated all over the world and its information capabilities rival that of a national intelligence agency, although much of their organization and operation still remains unknown. The only base known to be controlled by Terminal is a mobile suit factory & base hidden in an asteroid in a debris field.
World Security Treaty Organization
Founded following the Break the World incident, the World Security Treaty Organization was created to assist with disaster relief and regional stabilization. Although a separate entity from the Earth Alliance, nations that join the Organization become, more or less, allies of the Atlantic Federation. The following nations were all members of the World Security Treaty Organization at its inception: Atlantic Federation, Eurasian Federation, Republic of East Asia, United States of South America, South African Union, Orb Union, Kingdom of Scandinavia and the Equatorial Union. Only the Oceania Union and African Community chose not to join.
- Map of Earth nations showing alliances and factions
- Map of Earth military bases
- Map showing location of Orb
- Map location of space colonies with respect to Earth's orbit
|Cosmic Era Nations and Factions|
|Atlantic Federation | Eurasian Federation | Republic of East Asia | South Africa Union | United States of South America | OMNI Enforcer | Blue Cosmos/Logos | Phantom Pain|
|PLANT Supreme Council | ZAFT | African Community | Oceania Union|
|Equatorial Union | Kingdom of Scandinavia | Orb Union | Three Ships Alliance/Clyne Faction | Terminal | DSSD | Mars Colony|
|Actaeon Industries | Adukurf Mechano-Industries | Fujiyama Company | Junk Guild | Serpent Tail | Morgenroete | Librarian Works|