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Map of Earth CE 71.

Map of Earthsphere CE 71.

The Cosmic Era (コズミック・イラ Kozumikku Ira?) is the fictional timeline of the anime television series Gundam SEED and its spinoff projects. This Gundam timeline is noted for its similarities with the Universal Century timeline started by the first Mobile Suit Gundam' series.

With Mobile Suit Gundam SEED Destiny, the Cosmic Era universe is the only other Gundam universe other than the Universal Century with multiple full-length TV series (though the Anno Domini and Post Disaster timelines had their respective 50-episode TV series split into two seasons). Before that, the second most developed universe was Gundam Wing's After Colony universe, with one TV series, one OVA series and a compilation movie.



AD calendar
As petroleum resources run out, and environmental pollution worsens, a worldwide economic collapse ensues. The world's nations form economic blocs, and the planet becomes divided into a handful of major powers.
Ethnic and religious strife leads to a global conflict known as the Reconstruction War, while the Type S influenza virus spreads throughout the world. Disease and war produce massive casualties.
-16 April 1
George Glenn is born.
CE calendar
Nuclear weapons are employed on the frontlines of central Asia, in the Kashmir region. The resulting shock motivated the combatants to resolve their conflicts peacefully. [2]
George Glenn is nominated for a Nobel Prize.
George Glenn enlists in the military.
The Reconstruction War ends. The previous national order has been radically changed, and none of the previous nation-states remain. New powers in the form of the Atlantic Federation, Eurasian Federation, Republic of East Asia, Equatorial Union, Kingdom of Scandinavia, United States of South America, South African Union, African Community, Oceania Union, and Orb Union have emerged.
The United Nations formally adopts the Cosmic Era calendar and announces a new space development program. Construction of the space station Yggdrasil, which had been interrupted by the global war, resumes at Lagrange Point 1.
The Space Colony plan begins in earnest, and a space industry arises to exploit the new frontier. Construction of the lunar city Copernicus begins.
George Glenn becomes an employee of the Atlantic Federation's Federal Aeronautics and Space Administration (FASA).
The Atlantic Federation establishes the Federal Space Force (FSF). The Eurasian Federation and Republic of East Asia soon follow suit.
The fourth-generation international space station Yggdrasil is completed.
The lunar city of Copernicus is completed.
FASA launches a Jupiter exploration project and announces the development of the exploration ship Tsiolkovsky. George Glenn is to be the ship's chief designer, and the space station Yggdrasil will serve as the construction site.
The exploration ship Tsiolkovsky is completed.
George Glenn's Confession. As George Glenn departs for Jupiter aboard the Tsiolkovsky, he reveals the existence of Coordinators, and releases the necessary genetic engineering techniques onto the worldwide network. The world is thrown into chaos by these events.
In the name of environmental protection, the pressure group Blue Cosmos declares itself adamantly opposed to Coordinator technology.
An international conference to discuss the Coordinator controversy issue is held in Italy. The Torino Protocol on genetic modification is adopted, totally prohibiting the manipulation of human genes. Nonetheless, some wealthy individuals secretly have their children turned into Coordinators.
A hospital in Chicago which has secretly been creating Coordinators is set ablaze. Blue Cosmos is rumored to be involved.
Construction of the Porta Panama mass driver begins in Central America.
Construction of the Habilis mass driver begins on the shore of Lake Victoria.
The Tsiolkovsky reaches Jupiter and discovers the fossil known as Evidence 01. The world is again thrown into chaos, and FASA orders the Tsiolkovsky to bring back the fossil.
Siegel Clyne, a Coordinator, is secretly born in the Kingdom of Scandinavia.
Patrick Zala, a Coordinator, is secretly born in the Atlantic Federation.
George Glenn returns from Jupiter with Evidence 01. The fossil is taken to the Zodiac research colony at Lagrange point 5 for detailed examination.
The world's religious authorities gather at the Palestine Conference, but are unable to reach any conclusions, and their influence begins to wane. Tolerance for Coordinators spreads throughout the world, and the first Coordinator boom begins.
The space industry heats up, and the construction of numerous space colonies begins at Lagrange point 4.
The Orb Union begins construction of the Kaguya mass driver and the resource satellite Heliopolis.
The restrictions on George Glenn are lifted, and he begins examining Evidence 01 at Zodiac.
The colony's extraterrestrial research organization expands into a huge research facility.
The Atlantic Federation establishes a lunar base in the Ptolemaeus Crater, drawing international condemnation, and unveils its first series of mobile armors. Earth's major powers begin a space arms race, and the Eurasian Federation begins the construction of Artemis.
The Zodiac research colony is further expanded. George Glenn announces his concept for a new type of Space Colony, and construction of these new colonies begins. This project is funded mainly by the Atlantic Federation, the Eurasian Federation, and the Republic of East Asia, and the new L5 colony cluster is to be managed by representatives of these sponsor nations.
The first generation of Coordinators, born in secrecy, reach maturity and begin to excel in every scientific, artistic, and athletic field. The differences between Coordinators and Naturals thus become very clear, and critical voices emerge.
Marriages among first-generation Coordinators produce a purebred second generation, who soon prove to have inherited their parents' abilities.
Muruta Azrael is born in the Atlantic Federation.
Patrick Zala and Siegel Clyne, participating in the construction of new colonies at Lagrange point 5, meet for the first time.
The first ten space colonies (later known as Aprilius City) of the new L5 cluster are completed. These colonies, dubbed PLANTs, are intended to serve as large-scale production sites. However, the PLANTs are strictly prohibited from producing food, which must be imported entirely from Earth.
The estimated Coordinator population now exceeds ten million.
Anti-Coordinator organizations begin carrying out acts of terrorism against the PLANTs. Since they have no political autonomy and are thoroughly demilitarized, the PLANTs are unable to defend themselves, and the Coordinators working in the PLANTs become increasingly dissatisfied.
Al Da Flaga visits the Mendel colony at Lagrange Point 4. He commissions Dr. Ulen Hibiki, the chief researcher of GARM R&D, to create a clone of himself. Rau La Flaga is born later this year.
Siegel Clyne and Patrick Zala found the Zodiac Alliance, a political organization dedicated to campaigning for PLANT autonomy, trading independence, self-defense rights, and the abolishment of the food production ban. This movement is suppressed by the sponsor nations and forced to move underground.
George Glenn is assassinated by a young Natural who is angry because he was not born as a Coordinator.
A PLANT Supreme Council is formed, made up of representatives from each of the PLANT cities.
Type S influenza mutates into a new strain known as Type S2 influenza, rendering all previous vaccines useless. The new virus spreads, killing many Naturals but no Coordinators, prompting rumors that it was created by Coordinators to avenge the death of George Glenn.
Religious authorities claim that the Type S2 influenza outbreak was divine punishment, turning public opinion against genetic modification once again. The Turin Protocol was signed, banning genetic modification once again. Anti-Coordinator sentiments at an all-time high.
55, February 5
Lacus Clyne is born.
55, May 18
Kira Hibiki and Cagalli Hibiki are born on Mendel. However, as death toll caused by S2 influenza continued to rise, anti-Coordinator riots erupted across the world, and Mendel was attacked by an armed group calling themselves Blue Cosmos. Having learned of the attack beforehand, Ulen Hibiki's wife Via Hibiki entrusted her children to the family of her sister, Caridad Yamato.
55, October 19
PLANT scientists from the city of Februarius developed a vaccine and successfully mass produced it, ending the outbreak. However, anti-Coordinator sentiments rose unabated, resulting in more and more Coordinators relocating to space.
55, October 29
Athrun Zala is born.
The space forces of the Atlantic Federation, the Eurasian Federation, and the Republic of East Asia establish a military presence in the PLANTs' airspace. This combined force is the predecessor to the later Earth Alliance Forces.
Siegel Clyne and Patrick Zala are elected councilmen of the Supreme Council. Support for the Zodiac Alliance grows.
Uzumi Nara Athha becomes the leader of Orb. The construction of the orbital elevator Ame-no-Mihashira begins.
The PLANTs become major sources of Earth's energy and manufactured goods. The sponsor nations continue to reap ever greater benefits, and impose ever heavier quotas on the PLANTs. Meanwhile, other nations grow increasingly resentful of the sponsor nations' monopoly profits.[1]
PLANT's energy production department is sabotaged by Blue Cosmos terrorists. The Supreme Council's request to pause energy transfer to Earth is denied by the sponsor nations. As a result, PLANT suffers a severe energy crisis.
To protest the decision of the sponsor nations, PLANT technicians organize a strike. In response, the sponsor nations threaten the PLANT with their Mobile Armor fleet. Siegel Clyne and Patrick Zala become leaders of a Supreme Council faction which seeks independence from the sponsor nations. Calls for independence within the PLANT grow much louder. A secret project to develop militarized Mobile Suits begin.
First Mobile Suit developed; the Zodiac Alliance renames itself Zodiac Alliance of Freedom Treaty (ZAFT) and steps up its activities and attract more symphatizers.
ZAFT rolls out the ZGMF-1017 GINN, the first fully-functional mobile suit. A section of Maius city is secretly converted and begins production of mobile suits.
Siegel Clyne is elected as the Chairman of the Supreme Council. With the majority of the Supreme Council being ZAFT members, the Council prioritizes autonomy and trade independence above all else and informed the sponsor nations of this. The sponsor nations are extremely displeased by this and respond with a show of armed force . In response, the PLANT begins arms build up and a standoff ensues.
Blue Cosmos continues to grow, and claims to have membership in the hundreds of thousands, persecution of Coordinators on Earth worsens. By this point, almost all Coordinators have emigrated to PLANT.
Chairman Siegel secretly visits the United States of South America and the Oceania Union, signing secret treaties of food import and industrial products export with the two nations. Learning of these arrangements, sponsor nations' called for the resignation of Siegel and the dissolution of the Supreme Council, and demanded the PLANT to completely abandon autonomy. When these demands are ignored, they begin limiting food export to the PLANT.
The Mandelbrot incident: A PLANT transport fleet, carrying food supplies from South America, was shot down by the sponsor nations, killing hundreds of Coordinators. Tension rises rapidly.
Following the Mandelbrot incident, ZAFT, under the leadership of Patrick Zala, is merged with PLANT's existing police and security force, forming a military organization armed with Mobile Suits.
Chairman Siegel Clyne orders Junius-7 through -10 remodled for agricultural production. The sponsor nations responded with intimidation manuevers to prevent PLANT from poducing their own food. A skirmish broke out between sponsor nations and PLANT, ZAFT and its mobile suit made their combat debut, overwhelming sponsor nation forces and drive them out of PLANT space.
Captain Halberton Atlantic Federation's Fourth Fleet recognizes the effectiveness of mobile suits, and  proposes the mobile suit development program dubbed G-Weapon Project. Halberton's proposal is rejected by his superiors but some of them provided secret assistance so the project can begin in secrecy.
Kira Yamato enrolled in Technical college at Heliopolis.
70. January 1
PLANT supreme Council members meet with representatives from sponsor nations. A terror attack however claims the life of a council member. Blue Cosmos claims responsibility for the attack, but when it becomes clear that the sponsor nations are behind this, PLANTs halt all exports of resources. The sponsor nations, being dependant on PLANT for these exports, are rendered destitute
70. February 5
The UN hosts a negotiation between sponsor nations and PLANT in Copernicus City. However a terrorist attack wipes out the United Nations leadership on the moon in the Tragedy of Copernicus. PLANT representative Siegel Clyne's shuttle is delayed from arriving and the fact is seized upon by the Atlantic Federation.
70. February 7
The Earth Alliance is established by the Alaska Declaration in response to the Tragedy of Copernicus.
70. February 11
The Alliance declares war on the PLANTs. An invasion force sets out from the Ptolemaeus lunar base. Meanwhile, Blue Cosmos loyalists in the military secretly load a nuclear missile aboard the mobile armor carrier Roosevelt.
70, February 14
Muruta Azrael, head of the Azrael Conglomerate and leader of Blue Cosmos, orders an attack on agricultural colony Junius Seven. The First Alliance-PLANT War begins when a Mobius team from the Agamemnon carrier Roosevelt destroys the colony with a nuclear missile.
70, February 18
At a national memorial for the Bloody Valentine victims, Chairman Clyne swears to resist the Earth Alliance to the very end, and offers to give trading preference to nations which decline to join the Alliance. The Oceania Union and the United States of South America accept Clyne's offer.
70, February 19
Earth Alliance forces launch an armed invasion of the United States of South America. The Panama spaceport is seized by force, and the Atlantic Federation annexes the South American continent.[2]
70, February 20
Condemning the Earth Alliance's invasion of Central and South America, the Oceania Union declares its support for the PLANTs. The Alliance responds by declaring war against the Oceania Union as well.[3]
70, February 22
Yggdrasil is destroyed during a fierce battle between ZAFT and Earth Alliance forces. Earth Alliance commits its 1st, 2nd and 3rd fleet to this battle, while PLANT deploy the N-Jammers for the irst time. Both sides' forces are evenly matched, and ZAFT suffers heavy losses. Yggdrasil itself ultimately collapses, its ruins becoming part of the Debris Belt, and Rau Le Creuset is awarded the Order of the Nebula for his accomplishments in this battle.[4]
70, March 8
The First Battle of Victoria, ZAFT forces begin an invsion of Earth with Victoria Spaceport as their target. The operation ends in failure.[5]
70, March 15
Assessing the failures of the Victoria attack, the PLANT Supreme Council decides on an equatorial campaign dubbed Operation Uroboros.[6] The operation plan had three major objectives - securing military bases on Earth's surface, trapping the Alliance forces on Earth by capturing the spaceports and mass driver facilities located around the planet's equator, and scattering N-Jammers around the planet to prevent the use of nuclear weapons and cut off supplies of fission energy. [8]
70. April 1
The April Fool's Crisis occurs when ZAFT drops ground-penetrating Neutron Jammers across the Earth, sending the planet into an energy crisis with the loss of nuclear power.
70. April 2
The Battle of Carpentaria. ZAFT drops the disassembled components of a military base from orbit to the Gulf of Carpentaria in oceania Union. Within 48 hours, the foundations of the Carpentaria Base have been laid. The Earth Alliance's Pacific Fleet engages the ZAFT forces, but is defeated.
70. April 17
The first Battle of Jachin Due. The Earth Alliance's 5th and 6th Fleets set off from the Ptolemaeus lunar base to attack the PLANT homeland, and are intercepted by ZAFT forces in the vicinity of the resource satellite Jachin Due.
70. May 3
ZAFT begins an offensive whose ultimate target is the Ptolemaeus lunar base. A ZAFT base is established in the Lorentz Crater, and the moon is divided along what becomes known as the Grimaldi Front.
70. May 20
The Carpentaria Base is completed, and ZAFT deploys the aerial mobile suit DINN.
70. May 25
A ZAFT submarine carrier fleet was dispatched to the Mediterranean region, and on May 25 this force engaged the Alliance's Mediterranean fleet in a naval battle near Casablanca. The underwater mobile suit GOOhN was introduced into combat during this first Casablanca Sea Battle, which ended in victory for the ZAFT forces. The ZAFT forces then proceeded into the Mediterranean Sea, where they began the construction of the Gibraltar Base and launched a southward African offensive.[9]
70. May 22
ZAFT's campaign to capture terrestrial bases begins in earnest. Using the Carpentaria Base as a staging area, ZAFT launches an invasion of the Mediterranean region.
70. May 30
The Battle of Suez. ZAFT ground forces defeat a massive Earth Alliance tank corps at El Alamein, the massive Eurasian Federation is defeated thanks to the deployment BuCUE and the tactics of Andrew Waltfeld.[7]
71. January 23
Kaohsiung spaceport falls to ZAFT.
70. June 2
The final battle of the Grimaldi Front takes place at an Earth Alliance resource base in the Endymion Crater. The Alliance loses its 3rd Fleet and its elite Moebius Zero corps, but is able to use a Cyclops System to wipe out the ZAFT forces. Many Alliance forces are also sacrificed in the process.
70. June 14    
At Lagrange point 4, fighting begins around the resource satellite Nova, which is controlled by the Republic of East Asia. Skirmishes continue for almost a month, with neither side carrying out a decisive strike, and many of the space colonies of the L4 cluster are damaged during the fighting.
70. July 12   
The Earth Alliance abandons Nova, and the fighting comes to an end. Both sides cease major military operations, and although small skirmishes continue on Earth and in space, the overall war enters a stalemate. The mobile suit development project proposed by Halberton, commander of the Alliance's 8th Fleet, is reexamined as a means of breaking this deadlock. With the assistance of Morgenroete, development of the G series and the mobile suit carrier Archangel begins in earnest at Heliopolis.
70. September 20   
Athrun Zala graduates from ZAFT's military academy. He is assigned to the Le Creuset team along with Yzak Joule, Dearka Elsman, and Nicol Amalfi.
70. October 22
Secret discussions are arranged between Chairman Clyne and Earth Alliance Secretary-General Olbani, using the Reverend Malchio as an intermediary. Their goal is to break the stalemate, alleviate famine conditions, and find middle ground for a compromise to end the war. However, these negotiations fail to bear fruit.
71. January 15
Activity in the Pacific theater increases. ZAFT attacks the Republic of East Asia's Kaohsiung spaceport in Taiwan.
71. January 20
Five GAT-X series mobile suits, and the warship Archangel, are secretly rolled out at Heliopolis.
71. January 23
Kaohsiung spaceport falls to ZAFT.
71. January 24
The Le Creuset team investigates reports of a new Earth Alliance military satellite under construction at Lagrange point 3. However, the information proves faulty and no fighting ensues. On their way back, they obtain intelligence on the Alliance's mobile suits from a spy who has infiltrated Heliopolis.
71. January 25
Le Creuset team enters Heliopolis to capture Alliance's new mobile suits. Episode one of Gundam SEED begins.
71, September 27
Hostilities end with a cease-fire after the Second Battle of Jachin Due.
71, November
South American War for Independence.
72, March 10
Treaty of Junius signed, formally ending the First Alliance-PLANT War. All national borders return to pre-war positions save several ZAFT-held bases, including Carpentaria and Gibraltar.
73, October 2
Raid of Armory One.
73, October 3
Break the World Incident, a group of former-ZAFT terrorists drop Junius Seven onto Earth despite ZAFT efforts to stop them, causing massive damage across the globe.
73, November
OMNI Enforcer launches Foxtrot November, a massive nuclear attack on the PLANT homeland, the attack is foiled through the use of a Neutron Stampeder. In response, PLANT launches a large scale ground drop operation: Operation Spear of Twilight. The Second Alliance-PLANT War officially begins.
73, December
A team of Coordinator special forces soldiers attempt to assassinate Lacus Clyne. They are defeated by Kira Yamato in the Freedom.
Second Alliance-PLANT War ends with a peace treaty between PLANT and Orb.